Britain


Britain
   Roman province from 43-ca. 410, when Honorios (q.v.) informed Britain that it must see to its own defense against the Saxons, who had menaced the province's southern shore since the third century. Constantius Chlorus, father of Constantine I the Great (qq.v.), ruled Britain after defeating the usurper Allectus in 296. The decline began in 367-368 with what Ammianus Marcellinus (q.v.) calls the "barbarian conspiracy," simultaneous attacks by Picts, Scots, Attacotti, and Saxons. A Roman army from abroad was transported to Britain to restore order. In the last decade of the fourth century the raids of Picts and Scots were so sustained that Stilicho (q.v.) was forced to mount an expedition to Britain. Despite this, Honorios withdrew military forces from the island. Nevertheless, trade continued throughout the Early Middle Ages, as demonstrated by the Sutton Hoo Treasure (sixth or seventh century in date) from the ship-tomb of a king of East Anglia, consisting of exquisite silver objects of Byzantine manufacture. Byzantine cultural and religious influence persisted as well. Examples of this include Theodore of Tarsos (q.v.), archbishop of Canterbury (668-690), also Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People (731), which mentions events in faraway Constantinople (q.v.). Following the Norman conquest in 1066, Anglo-Saxon soldiers filled the ranks of the Varangian Guard (q.v.) and diplomatic activity increased. In 1400 Manuel II Palaiologos (q.v.) visited England in an attempt to secure aid against the advancing Ottomans (q.v.).

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Britain — Britain, Great Britain, the British Isles, England, etc. 1. Use of these terms causes confusion. Great Britain refers to the largest island in the group, which is divided between England, Scotland, and Wales. Politically, it means these three… …   Modern English usage

  • Britain — [brit′ n] GREAT BRITAIN …   English World dictionary

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  • Britain — c.1300, Breteyne, from O.Fr. Bretaigne, from L. Britannia, earlier Brittania, from Brittani the Britons (see BRITON (Cf. Briton)). The O.E. was Brytenlond and meant Wales. If there was a Celtic name for the island, it has not been recorded …   Etymology dictionary

  • Britain — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Britain », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) Britain est le nom anglais historique… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Britain — /brit n/, n. 1. See Great Britain. 2. Britannia (def. 1). * * * I Name historically applied to the island of Great Britain. Britain is used especially when referring to its pre Roman and Roman periods and to its early Anglo Saxon period. It is… …   Universalium

  • Britain — noun a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland; Great Britain is often used loosely to refer to the United Kingdom (Freq. 2) • Syn: ↑United Kingdom, ↑UK …   Useful english dictionary

  • Britain — noun /ˈbɹɪ.tən,ˈbɹɪ.ʔn̩/ a) The United Kingdom. The name of Britain [...] ought to answer every purpose, or if that be thought too condensed, it may be pluralized into The Britains. (The Times, 16 July 1874, 10/6, cited after OED). b) Brittany.… …   Wiktionary

  • Britain — /ˈbrɪtn/ (say britn) noun 1. → Great Britain. 2. Battle of, a series of heavy bombing attacks on Britain by the German air force in August–October 1940, repulsed by a small force of Royal Air Force fighters. {Middle English Bretayne, from Old… …   Australian English dictionary


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